11.12.11

The History of IBS in Malaysia 1980 - 1990


During the period of early 80s up to 90s the use of structural steel components took place particularly in high rise buildings in Kuala Lumpur. The usage of steel structure gained much attention with the construction of 36-storey Dayabumi complex that was completed in 1984 by Takenaka Corporation of Japan.  

Between 1981 and 1993, Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor (PKNS) a state government development agency acquired pre-cast concrete technology from Praton Haus International based on Germany to build low cost houses and high cost bungalows for the new townships in Selangor. It was recorded then, around 52,000 housing units was constructed using Praton Haus system and the state of art pre-cast factory was set up in Shah Alam.  

Other than the use of Praton House technology from Germany, PKNS was also embarked in other IBS systems at the same period; Taisei Marubumi - large panel are cast in factory using tilt-up system where one panel forms the base for next panel cast  (1,237 housing units and 11 shop lots at PJS), Hazama system (3,222 flat units and 1,112 housing units at Bandar Baru Bangi), Ingeback system which is Swedish system using large panels in vertical battery mould and tilt-up table mould (3,694 flat units) All the project were constructed by local contractor with international technical support from established international firms in joint venture partnership..

In that period IBS used in Malaysia are large panel system (housing project in Shah Alam and Taman Brown), metal form system in Wangsa Maju, Pandan Jaya and Taman Maluri and modular systems which are heavily promoted by CIDB in government project. Although the system originated overseas, local contractors has made modification to suit local requirement. Instead of steel, high quality film coated plywood shuttering is used in an innovative mould system. The form can be easily dismantled and handled by small crane and can be adjusted to suit architectural requirement. 

Other systems are framing system, modular system and partially pre-cast system (the Cemlock Built System which is originate in Australia and used by the National Housing Department in Pekan Selama housing project). 

A collective movement on IBS research to develop localised systems was first pioneered by researchers in the Housing Research Centre (HRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia in 1984. At this time the term Industrialised Building System (IBS) was introduced, differentiating it from prefabrication in terms of better productivity, quality and safety. 

The research centre had organised a series of national and international colloquiums and seminars on IBS starting as early as 1984 to 2003. The focus at the time was to identify local materials for affordable housing schemes planned to be constructed using IBS. 

Their research on interlocking load bearing hollow block building led by Professor Abang Abdullah Abang Ali had won the prestigious Geneva Gold Medal 2001. The use of this block as part of IBS eliminates the use of mortar layers and increases the speed of construction where the wall can be assembled at a much faster speed compared to a mortar masonry system. 

The HRC was also engaged with the National Affordable Housing research programme with the Ministry of Housing and Local Government (MHLG) and the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) to develop an affordable housing design for government quarters and housing projects. 

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