Early IBS Project in Malaysia
IBS in Malaysia has begun in early 1960’s when Ministry of Housing and Local Government of Malaysia visited several European countries and evaluate their housing development program (Thanoon et. al., 2003). After their successful visit in 1964, the government had started first project on IBS aims to speed up the delivery time and built affordable and quality houses. About 22.7 acres of land along Jalan Pekeliling, Kuala Lumpur was dedicated to the project comprising seven blocks of 17 stories flat there are 3000 units of low-cost flat and 40 shops lot. This project was awarded to Gammon & Larsen Nielsen using Danish System of large panel of pre-fabricated system (IBS Survey, 2003). In 1965, the second housing project initiated by the government of Malaysia, the project comprising a 6 block of 17 stories flat and 3 blocks of 18 stories flat at Jalan Rifle Range, Penang. The project was awarded to Hochtief & Chee Seng using French Estoit System (Din, 1984 compiled in Trikha, 1999). Both project utilized the large panel system which required large concrete panel cast in the factory and transported to site on trailers for assembly. The speed of construction is much faster although the tendered price was slightly higher by 5% to 8% (Swee in Sarja, 1998). Another earliest housing project using IBS method was Taman Tun Sardon, Penang. IBS pre-cast component and system in the project was designed by British Research Establishment (BRE) for low cost housing in tropical countries. Nonetheless, the building design was appear very basic and not considering the aspect of local serviceability such as the need of wet toilet and bathroom (Rahman & Omar, 2006). Between 1981 and 1993, Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor (PKNS) a state government development agency acquired pre-cast concrete technology from Praton Haus International based on Germany to build low cost house and high cost bungalow in Selangor (IBS Survey, 2003). More than 10,000 units are completed using this system and factory was set up in Shah Alam (capital of Selangor) for casting of panel (Swee in Sarja, 1998). Other large panel system in Malaysia include Taisei Marubeni system which large panel are cast in factory using tilt-up system where one panel forms the base for next panel cast (4,880 unit dwellings were built using this system). The other is Ingeback System which is Swedish system using large panels in vertical battery mould and tilt-up table mould (ibid). It appears that the usage of steel structure which is part of IBS in Malaysian classification, first gained attention with the construction of 36 stories Dayabumi complex that was completed in 1984 by Takenaka Corporation of Japan. It has trigger interest form construction community to construct steel structure building later on.
"List of IBS Project in Malaysia (Chronological Order & Type of Building)
2007 - Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART Tunnel), Kuala Lumpur, The Spring Shopping Mall, Kuching, Sarawak 2006 - Kuching International Airport, Kuching, Sarawak, Persada Johor International Convention Centre, Johor Bahru 2005 - Serdang Hospital, Serdang, Selangor, The Curve, Mutiara Damansara, Selangor 2001 - Kuala Lumpur Sentral (KL Sentral), Kuala Lumpur, Likas Stadium, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 1998 - Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Sepang, Selangor, Malawati Indoor Stadium, Shah Alam, Selangor 1997 - PETRONAS Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Bukit Jalil Hockey Stadium, Bukit Jalil, Selangor 1984 - Dayabumi Complex, Kuala Lumpur 1981 - High end bungalows and low cost houses throughout Selangor 1978 - 1005 units of low-cost, five-storey walk up flats, Taman Tun Sardon, Gelugor, Pulau Pinang 1969 - 6 blocks of 17-storey flats, 3 blocks of 18-storey flats and 66 units of shop houses, Jalan Rifle Range, Air Itam, Pulau PinangIBS Pilot Project – 7 blocks of 17-storey flats, Jalan Pekeliling, Kuala Lumpur Other projects include:Residential 1. 10,000 units of Teachers’ Quarters, nationwide2. High-rise apartments in Putrajaya3. Apartments in Ampang, Kuala Lumpur and Puchong, Selangor4. CyberVilla Town House, Cyberjaya, Selangor5. Pangsapuri Dahlia Akademi Audit Negara, Negeri Sembilan6. Seremban II Township Project, Negeri Sembilan Schools & Universities 1. Kolej Sains Kesihatan Bersekutu, Johor Bahru, Johor2. Lim Kok Wing University, Cyberjaya, Selangor3. Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Semambu, Kuantan, Pahang Hospitals 1. Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM), Cheras, Kuala Lumpur2. Kidney Dialysis Centre, Kuching, Sarawak Shopping Malls 1. Mid Valley Megamall, Kuala Lumpur2. IKEA, Mutiara Damansara, Selangor3. Jaya Jusco, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur4. Jusco Tebrau City, Johor Bahru, Johor5. MYDIN Hypermarket, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu6. Carrefour Hypermarket, Seberang Prai, Pulau Pinang Factories & Warehouses 1. Pelikan Factory, Warehouse and Office, Puchong, Selangor2. Distripark Warehouse, Westport, Pulau Indah, Selangor3. Nippon Express Office and Warehouse, Pulau Pinang4. Flextronics Factory Senai, Johor Bahru" (add by IBS Modular @http://ibsmodular.blogspot.com/)